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3-9.

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Increase the proportion of persons who use at least one of the following protective measures that may reduce the risk of skin cancer: avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., wear sun-protective clothing when exposed to sunlight, use sunscreen with a sun-protective factor (SPF) of 15 or higher, and avoid artificial sources of ultraviolet light.

3-9a.    (Developmental) Increase the proportion of adolescents in grades 9 through 12 who follow protective measures that may reduce the risk of skin cancer.

Potential data source: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), CDC, NCCDPHP.

3-9b.    Increase the proportion of adults aged 18 years and older who follow protective measures that may reduce the risk of skin cancer.

Target: 75 percent of adults aged 18 years and older use at least one of the identified protective measures.

Baseline: 47 percent of adults aged 18 years and older regularly used at least one protective measure in 1998 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population).

Target setting method: Better than the best.

Data source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC, NCHS. Data on artificial ultraviolet light source are developmental.

Persons Aged 18 Years and Older, 1998 (unless noted)

Type of Protective Measure

3-9b.
Regularly Used at Least One
Protective Measure

Limited Sun
Exposure
*

Wore
Protective Clothing
*

Used
Sunscreen
*

Percent

TOTAL

47

28

24

31

Race and ethnicity

American Indian or Alaska Native

48

28

26

31

Asian or Pacific Islander

44

34

25

22

Asian

44

34

25

23

Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander

50

39

31

17

Black or African American

44

37

23

12

White

49

26

24

34

 

Hispanic or Latino

41

30

24

22

Not Hispanic or Latino

48

27

24

32

Black or African American

44

37

24

12

White

49

26

24

35

Gender

Female

54

33

25

39

Male

40

22

24

22

Education level (aged 25 years and older)

Less than high school

41

29

24

17

High school graduate

45

28

24

27

Some college

54

30

29

39

Family income level

Poor

43

33

25

19

Near Poor

46

32

25

24

Middle/high income

51

27

26

35

Geographic location

Urban

49

29

25

32

Rural

44

25

24

28

Disability status

Persons with activity
limitations

57 (1992)

38 (1992)

33 (1992)

27 (1992)

Persons without activity
limitations

53 (1992)

31 (1992)

28 (1992)

29 (1992)

DNA = Data have not been analyzed. DNC = Data are not collected. DSU = Data are statistically unreliable.
Note: Age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population.
*Data for limited sun exposure, used sunscreen, and wore protective clothing are displayed to further characterize the issue.