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Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2015

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Thomas R Blakeslee engineer Comment ID #439

04/15/2014

Dear Dr. Millen and 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans Advisory Committee Members:

The existing USDA dietary recommendations regarding fat have created a $30 billion “low fat” food industry and caused an alarming increase in carbohydrate and PUFA consumption. Since these changes, the incidence of obesity, CVD, CHD, diabetes, cancer and chronic autoimmune diseases has increased dramatically. This committee has a golden opportunity to make recommendations that will restore the health of the people and save billions in future medical costs. But admitting an embarrassing mistake is difficult because we all unconsciously filter our perception through a lens that distorts reality in a way that justifies previous actions. Denial and groupthink produce the “Semmelweis reflex” which causes leading experts to ignore information that contradicts established conclusions.

Critics of the status-quo are often ignored without careful reading because established leaders have dismissed and even mocked them. I would like to suggest that members of the committee make a conscious effort to reread, with an open mind, some 2014 references. Please resist the groupthink tendency to dismiss because you have heard negative comments about the authors. It is natural for peer groups to “shoot the messenger” when the conclusions are embarrassing.

Fat and sugar consumption are highly correlated, so many of the conclusions about fat consumption may have blamed fat when the real culprit was sugar and flour. Another source of confusion is that the word “fat” includes trans fats, which are clearly harmful and also healthy low and medium density saturated fats like coconut, avocado, nuts and cheese. “Saturated fat” is a term that includes good and bad fats, so studies that lump them all together are meaningless.

2014 has seen a major shift in establishment thinking with important publications finally recognizing that a mistake has been made. I encourage the committee to review the April 2014 Mayo Clinic Proceedings paper titled “The questionable benefits of exchanging saturated fat with polyunsaturated fat.” It concludes: “The benefits of replacing SFAs with PUFAs are questionable. There is no evidence that a lower intake of SFA can prevent CVD and a high intake of PUFAs without specification may result in a high intake of omega-6, which is associated with many adverse health effects.Because there is much evidence that saturated fat may even be beneficial, we urge the American Heart Association, the American Diabetes Association, and the National Institute of Clinical Excellence to consider the aforementioned evidence when updating their future guidelines.”

In the March 2014 issue of The Annuls of Internal Medicine, Chowdhurry et al examined 59 trials with over half million participants and concluded that “Current evidence does not clearly support cardiovascular guidelines that encourage high consumption of polyunsaturated fatty acids and low consumption of total saturated fats.”

The March 2014 issue of BMJ has an article by Wise titled “Evidence does not support guidelines on saturated fat”

The Jan 2014 issue of BMJ Open Heart has an editorial by DiNicolantonio called, “The cardiometabolic consequences of replacing saturated fats with carbohydrates or O-6 polyunsaturated fats: Do the dietary guidelines have it wrong?”

Siri-Turano et al reached similar conclusions in a 2010 study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. They concluded, “there is no significant evidence for concluding that dietary saturated fat is associated with an increased risk of CHD stroke or CVD.”

Sometimes a consensus is reached prematurely but experts are embarrassed to admit that a mistake was made. Ultimately the “elephant under the rug” becomes impossible to ignore and reality must be faced. The staggering expense and pain caused by the “low-fat” campaign is so great that I urge this committee to carefully reconsider the evidence on saturated fats with an intentionally open mind. The rush to judgement of the 1977 Senate committee has done incalculable damage.

request 2-1

Affiliation: Individual/Professional Organization: Clearlight Foundation
Topic:
  • Energy Balance (Weight Loss, Weight Maintenance, Calorie Intake, Physical Activity)
  • Fats (Total Fat, Solid Fats, Oils, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol)
  • Food industry approaches to reducing sodium, added sugars, and fats

Anonymous Comment ID #438

04/14/2014

Please see the attached letter and supporting research. There are five attachments.

Thank you.

Affiliation: Industry/Industry Association Organization: USA Rice Federation
Topic:
  • Carbohydrates (Added Sugars, Fiber, Glycemic Index, Whole Grains)
  • Energy Balance (Weight Loss, Weight Maintenance, Calorie Intake, Physical Activity)
  • Micronutrients (Sodium, Potassium, Vitamin D, Calcium, Iron)

Anonymous Comment ID #437

04/13/2014

Hello,
I've been interested in finding an example meal log for the duration of about a week (the longer the better) that strictly includes & itemizes the perfect nutritional meals.

I believe this would be helpful if made available to the public along side of the food pyramid. We've all heard the recommendations of "An apple a day, 8 glasses of water, 3 cups of beans a week, etc..", but having these things Incorporated into a visual aid of sample meals could help individuals apply it to their daily lives if not ideally follow it exactly. We know what to eat (fruits, veggies, fiber, omegas... etc) But when and how do we eat it without going over the average 2000 calorie diet?
The suggestions of eating healthy may be useless if we do not know how to apply it (especially with the majority growing up poor and being surrounded with cheap commercialized foods & knowing nothing else). Individuals who do try to apply a healthy diet to their lives may need a little more than just what foods to eat.

I may create such a sample log myself with the proper research from trusted sites as yours. I'd just hate to do so if it already exists. I was imagining 7 photographs of meals (based on the average 2000 cal. diet and what it ideally consists of) laid out like a comic strip with details of what the meals contained (serving size, calories, nutrition details), and having one strip for each meal time (breakfast, lunch, dinner).

Let me know if my requests exists, that'd be very helpful to me.

Thank you so much for your time
-Anita Torres

Affiliation: Individual/Professional Organization:
Topic:
  • Eating Patterns-Diets (USDA Food Patterns, DASH, Vegetarian, Low Carb, Hi-Protein, etc.)

nashoa tawil Comment ID #436

04/12/2014

In fact there are two ways are guaranteed and proven by a lot of people
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The high intensity exercise
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Use exercises
With exercises that are several muscle groups at once , such as the deadlift , or press on you better than a year as the biceps curl in burning fat before that . Upon only one This is because they recruit more muscle mass increase metabolism of the body , even at rest .

Cut out refined carbohydrates
Carbohydrates and starchy foods that have little or no fiber - such as pasta, rice and potatoes - do nothing but sabotage your weight loss goals , not to mention your health. You create a massive increase in their blood sugar levels , causing the body to release insulin - a hormone that shuts down fat burning and promotes fat storage. Workout Routines For Women - Full Body Licious Curvalicious review - Flavia Del Monte's
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-_Cr4JGqcHs
Get enough sleep
Sleep is important for several reasons , but especially when it comes to staying in shape . Without that your body is greatly put under stress, and unfortunately the stress hormone cortisol is also bad news for fat loss . The fat storage particularly problematic promotes in this area - it could also be the reason that it is particularly difficult to change belly fat .
And the second method
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If you want to lose weight permanently, then visit: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lqrV5iSrKTo. Thanks to the great diet plans and workout routines, I'm currently in the best shape of my life and look great. Furthermore, the weight is staying off!

However, remember there are no shortcuts or magical secrets to a great body - it's simply a result of hard-work and not giving up!

Affiliation: Public Health Department Organization: dtk
Topic:
  • Energy Balance (Weight Loss, Weight Maintenance, Calorie Intake, Physical Activity)
  • Fats (Total Fat, Solid Fats, Oils, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol)
  • Lifespan Needs (Infants, Children, Pregnant Women, Older Adults, etc.)

Anonymous Comment ID #435

04/11/2014

At the March 14, 2014 meeting of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, the Subcommittee on Food Sustainability and Safety presented “draft key findings” about the safety of the low-calorie sweetener aspartame. The Ajinomoto Company respectfully submits the attached comments on the current scientific evidence that affirms the safety of aspartame.

Affiliation: Industry/Industry Association Organization: Ajinomoto North America, Inc.
Topic:
  • Food Safety

Anonymous Comment ID #434

04/09/2014

The Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior is pleased to provide input to the 2015 DGAC. Please see attached.

Affiliation: Professional Association Organization: Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior
Topic:
  • Behavior
  • Carbohydrates (Added Sugars, Fiber, Glycemic Index, Whole Grains)
  • Eating Patterns-Diets (USDA Food Patterns, DASH, Vegetarian, Low Carb, Hi-Protein, etc.)
  • Energy Balance (Weight Loss, Weight Maintenance, Calorie Intake, Physical Activity)
  • Fats (Total Fat, Solid Fats, Oils, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol)
  • Food Environment
  • Food Groups (Fruits, Vegetables, Grains, Dairy, Protein Foods)

Michael Kelley PhD, RD Comment ID #433

04/04/2014

Wrigley respectfully submits an abbreviated version of our full comments on the oral health benefits of chewing sugar-free gum. The full comments have been filed as #277.

Affiliation: Industry/Industry Association Organization: Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company
Topic:
  • Carbohydrates (Added Sugars, Fiber, Glycemic Index, Whole Grains)

Anonymous Comment ID #432

04/02/2014

RE: Dietary Guidelines Advisory Subcommittee Request SC5-2A: Food Systems Sustainability: Elements of a Whole Food System (Request 5-2)

Please see the attached document for public comments from the The Laurie M. Tisch Center for Food, Education & Policy to the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Subcommittee for sustainability.

Affiliation: Educational Institution: Higher Education Organization: Laurie M. Tisch Center for Food, Education & Policy
Topic:
  • Behavior
  • Sustainability

Philippe Caradec Comment ID #431

03/31/2014

On behalf of the Dannon Company, we thank you for the opportunity to submit comments to the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC). We appreciate the important work of the DGAC and would like to specifically address the request by Subcommittee 2 on actions that the food industry has taken to reduce added sugars in foods as well as share highlights of a recent nutrition commitment made with the Partnership for a Healthier America.

In the attached you will find:
• An overview of efforts to decrease children’s sugar consumption while still providing nutrients to encourage that summarizes how we reduced the sugar content in our bestselling children’s product, Danimals® Smoothies, by 25 percent. This was a result of over 2 ½ years of product development work and was completed in 2013.
• Highlights of our recent announcement with the Partnership for a Healthier America that includes our commitment to further improve nutrient density, reduce total sugar and fat and invest in nutrition education.

Based on the information provided in our previous comment to the Committee, and the additional information provided in this comment on our efforts to further improve the nutrient density and the total sugar content of the portfolio of products we offer, we continue to believe that Americans’ health can benefit from consuming one nonfat or lowfat yogurt every day.

We thank you for the opportunity to provide comments and have attached additional materials for your review.

Sincerely,



Philippe Caradec
Vice President, Corporate Affairs
The Dannon Company

Attachments:
- Dannon comments on actions that the food industry has taken to reduce added sugars and highlights of recent nutrition commitment with the Partnership for a Healthier America
- Infographic on Danimals Smoothie 2013 sugar reduction
- Drewnowski, A, and V. Fulgoni, Nutrient Profiling of Foods: Creating a Nutrient-Rich Food Index, NUTRITION REVIEWS, Vol. 66 (1): 23-39, 2007
- Development and Validation of the Nutrient-Rich Foods Index: A Tool to Measure Nutritional Quality of Foods - Victor L. Fulgoni III, Debra R. Keast, and Adam Drewnowski, The Journal of Nutrition; doi:10.3945/jn.108.101360, 2009

Affiliation: Industry/Industry Association Organization: The Dannon Company, Inc.
Topic:
  • Food Groups (Fruits, Vegetables, Grains, Dairy, Protein Foods)
  • Food industry approaches to reducing sodium, added sugars, and fats

Anonymous Comment ID #430

03/28/2014

Reducing Food Waste: Recommendations to the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee

As per public comment request 5-2 on food system sustainability, graduate student researchers at Tufts University’s Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy have prepared a comment summarizing the extent of food waste in the United States and its impact on food safety perceptions, environmental resources, and household food security.

Affiliation: Educational Institution: Higher Education Organization: Tufts University Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy
Topic:
  • Sustainability
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