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PART D: SCIENCE BASE

Figure D4-5. IOM Figure11-4: Relationship Between Monounsaturated Fatty Acid Intake and Total Cholesterol (TC):HDL Cholesterol (HDL-C) Concentration Ratio

This graph shows that as the intake of monounsaturated fatty acid increases, the total cholesterol to HDL-cholesterol ratio decreases. Monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) intake ranged from approximately 6 to 34 percent of energy.

Weighted least-squares regression analyses were performed using the mixed procedure to test for differences in lipid concentrations (SAS Statistical package, version 8.00, SAS Institute, Inc., 1999).

Source: IOM (Institutes of Medicine). Dietary Reference Intakes: Energy, Carbohydrates, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2002.

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